FAQ's

MISS MUSTARD SEEDS MILK PAINT

WHAT IS MILK PAINT?

It’s a powdered, paint (non-toxic and no VOC’s) that has been around for thousands of years.  It was found in the pyramids in Egypt and on ancient cave paintings.  It’s been used in America for years on furniture, walls, barns, etc.  It is a versatile paint that can be used to achieve a variety of looks from chippy and distressed to smooth and sleek.

 

missmustardseed-42

IS MILK PAINT SAFE?

Yes! Milk Paint is made from five simple, non-toxic ingredients. It’s a powdered, no VOC’s product that can be traced back all the way to ancient carvings and art. It is low-odor and safe to use when painting projects indoors.  It is made of only five ingredients – clay, limestone, chalk, casein (milk protein) and natural & non-toxic synthetic pigments.

 

WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MILK PAINT AND CHALK-TYPE PAINTs?

These are two totally different kinds of paint.  Both have advantages and disadvantages and can be used in a variety of ways.  Here are some of the similarities and differences…

  • Milk Paint comes in powdered form and needs to be mixed with water.  Chalk-type paints are sold in a tradition liquid quart.
  • Milk Paint has great adhesion on raw wood that will never chip/peel or fade.  Add the bonding agent to milk paint for use on previously finished surfaces to improve adhesion.  A quick sand to scuff up the surface will also help the paint adhere.  Chalk-type paints have great adhesion on most any surface without the addition of a bonding agent.
  •  Milk Paint will show wood grain in most cases and can be used as a stain.  Chalk-type paints are thicker and cover wood grain in most cases.
  • Milk Paint can be distressed and/or crackled and will resist some finishes giving an authentic chippy, aged look.  Chalk-type paints can be distressed and crackled, but will not chip.
  • Milk Paint is made from just five simple ingredients, contains no VOCs, is completely biodegradable, and non toxic.

missmustardseed-40

WHAT IS THE BEST WAY TO MIX MISS MUSTARD SEED’S MILK PAINT?

There are many ways to mix the milk paint, we offer guidelines on how to mix it and what consistency to look for, however we encourage to always test out a small amount to make sure that you are happy with the mixture. Milk Paint can be a stain or a solid opaque paint depending on how much water you add.

For a solid opaque look: Mix one part water to one part Milk Paint powder. Add water to container/jar first, then add powder and mix with a whisk, electric milk frother or blender. For a super smooth finish,use a blender for best results, otherwise mix with a frother or a whisk for an additional 1-2 minutes for a super fine mix. Mixed Milk Paint should have a table cream consistency for opaque coverage. Once satisfied with consistency, test out a small sample to see if desired consistency is reached. If the brush drags, the mixture is too thick (opaque) and you need to add more water.  If sample drips and is too thin (transparent), then add more powder. Adjust as required, and start painting!

Note: Mixing Milk Paint can be like baking bread and the amount of water required will vary based on the humidity of the day and location.  It can also vary depending on the amount of pigment in the color being mixed.

Watch this video if you’re new to mixing milk paint!

 

HOW MUCH WILL ONE QUART OF MISS MUSTARD SEED’S MILK PAINT COVER?

This depends on the surface being painted and how much water is added when mixing. The paint coverage will be different on bare wood and porous vs. shiny, previously coated pieces that require the bonding agent. Typically one quart of a very light white will cover approximately 50-70 sq ft, whereas a darker color will cover 70 + sq ft. For example, one quart will cover a large armoire/hutch OR a dresser and two side tables.

missmustardseed-30

MY PAINT LOOKS LUMPY AND UNEVEN – IS THE MILK PAINT BAD? 

The majority of the texture and application issues lie in the method the Milk Paint was mixed. A good mix is key to a great finish. Make sure you are stirring your Milk Paint until most of the paint is dissolved. A mini whisk, milk frother, or blender are great tools for smooth mixes. Let the paint sit for a few minutes after mixing to allow limestone and clay dissolve. If you are painting a large project, stir the paint every few minutes to prevent clay from settling and pigments from separating and dip your brush all the way to the bottom of the container.  The paint at the top will be thinner and more translucent, especially if a frother was used to mix paint. Some lumpiness is normal and will usually brush out once paint is applied. Small lumps can be smoothed out with a fine sand paper after it’s dry, and can lead to some unique finishes!

Here are some additional tips on properly mixing Milk Paint – Mixing Milk Paint 101 

…and a video on mixing milk paint with a mini whisk or milk paint mixer…

IS MILK PAINT GOOD FOR RAW WOOD?

Yes, it’s one of the best paints for raw wood.  It acts like a stain, but looks like a paint.  The color will penetrate the wood for a lasting finish that won’t chip or flake.  This makes it an ideal paint for raw wood cabinets or floors.

 

WHEN SHOULD I USE BONDING AGENT?

When the surface is previously finished, painted with a non-porous paint or sealed. Milk paint will resist and chip if it cannot be absorbed, as it is in porous surfaces and raw wood. The ratios of bonding agent can be adjusted depending on the amount of seal or shine on the piece being painted. Do not use the bonding agent or use it in select areas if a “chippy” look is desired.  Remember that painting a pre-finished without sanding and/or using the Bonding Agent is unpredictable!

…and a video tutorial…

mms-1009-2HOW DO I GET THE “CHIPPY LOOK”?

The chippy look is one of the most popular finishes for Milk Paint, but it can sometimes be a bit tricky to accomplish.  Here are some things to consider when trying to achieve this look:

  • The finish on which you are painting: is it sealed, shiney, or painted?  If it is raw wood or porous, the Milk Paint will be absorbed and will not chip or flake.  A resist, like the Wax Puck or Hemp Oil needs to be used.
  • Milk Paint will “resist” surfaces in which it can’t be absorbed. This resisting will create chips and flakes. It is possible for the milk paint to flake away from the entire piece if the surface is too slick and doesn’t have any “tooth”. To achieve some “grip”, sand where you want adhesion or add the bonding agent on areas where more coverage is desired.  It may take some trial and error, but Milk Paint is the only paint that will create an authentic, chippy finish, so it’s worth trying!

 

I WANTED MY PIECE TO CHIP, BUT IT DIDN’T.  HOW CAN I MAKE IT HAPPEN?

If you want the Milk Paint to resist certain areas, we recommend trying an advanced technique by using the Hemp Oil, Wax Pucks or, our favorite, the Beeswax Finish. Simply apply the Beeswax in areas where chipping is desired. Apply the paint immediately over entire surface. The paint will separate where wax was applied. Don’t over work the paint on those areas. As paint dries, it will start to peel and flake, creating and authentic, chipped finish.  Wipe or light sand loose paint and finish with any MMS Wax, Hemp Oil or Tough Coat.

To use the Wax Puck as a resist, apply one coat of milk paint and allow it to dry.  Rub the Wax Puck over the edges, corners and “high points” of the piece.  Anywhere the wax is applied will resist the paint, so make sure it is applied randomly and in places where paint would naturally wear over time.  Apply a second coat of milk paint and allow it to dry completely.  Distress surface with fine grit sand paper or damp cotton cloth to easily remove the paint where wax was applied. revealing first coat underneath.  Finish with Furniture Wax, Hemp Oil, White Wax, Antiquing Wax or Tough Coat.

Both give authentic aged patinas! We highly recommend taking a workshop from a certified MMSMP retailer in your area.

THE PIECE I PAINTED CHIPPED A LOT AND I DON’T WANT IT TO CHIP ANY MORE.  HOW CAN I PREVENT IT FROM CONTINUING TO CHIP?

Super chippy pieces will need a coat of Tough Coat ( a water based sealer). Do not use hemp oil on these finishes as the oil may cause it to continue chipping.

If the piece chipped some, all of the loose paint has been removed and the rest is adhering well, the Furniture Wax, Antiquing Wax or White Wax will provide a wonderful finish.  The piece will not continue to chip unless exposed to intense sunlight or extreme heat.

 

HOW DO I CREATE A CRACKLE EFFECT?

Paint your piece and apply direct heat immediately after coating (such as a blow dryer or heat gun) to areas you want to crackle. This is a really easy, natural crackle to achieve without having to use a crackle medium product.  It will also usually crackle if you paint outside on a hot day!

mms-9569

 

WHAT IS THE FURNITURE WAX?

The Furniture Wax is used as a protective topcoat.  It’s similar to other waxes on the market, except it’s creamier and very low odor.

Apply in a thin coat to a piece of raw wood, stained wood or painted furniture with a lint-free cloth or brush.  Buff after about 5-10 minutes.  Apply additional coats for a higher sheen and more durability.

 

IS WAX A DURABLE FINISH?

YES, it’s a very durable, livable finish.  If it’s marred, just lightly sand and add another coat of wax.  Refinishing the entire piece is not required. I have it on my kitchen table and it has held up beautifully to two young boys!

 

CAN I USE THE FURNITURE WAX, ANTIQUING WAX OR WHITE WAX OVER OTHER PAINTS?  OR CAN I USE ANOTHER BRAND OF WAX OVER MMS MILK PAINT?

Yes, you can use other waxes on Milk Paint and you can use MMS Waxes on acrylic, chalk/clay paints, flat latex, stained wood, etc.

 

WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ANTIQUING WAX AND FURNITURE WAX?

Antiquing wax has dark pigment in it that will age and darken your paint. Furniture wax will dry clear and give your colors the richness that they need after they dry. Here are a couple of posts about using the antiquing wax: http://missmustardseed.com/2013/06/painted-bar-stool-tutorial-part-2/http://missmustardseed.com/2013/06/antiquing-wax-tutorial/

 

WHAT IS THE HEMP OIL?

Hemp Oil is a finish that is a nice alternative to the wax.  It is all natural, so it’s great for people who are sensitive to chemicals.  Hemp Oil is best when it’s applied to a porous surface (like raw wood, stained wood or Milk Painted raw wood.)  It will absorb into the surface, creating a durable finish.  It can be used over Milk Paint over an old finish as well, though.  Wipe on with a clean cloth, wipe away excess.  We love to use a microfiber cloth for this!  This is also a great product to revive dry, tired wood, metal, leather and more.  We’re always finding new uses for Hemp Oil.

Here is a video tutorial on using hemp oil…

WHEN SHOULD I USE HEMP OIL INSTEAD OF WAX?

As stated above, Hemp Oil is natural, so it’s the ideal finish for customers who are sensitive to chemicals.  It’s a food safe finish that can be used on cutting boards, butcher blog counters and kitchen tables.  Hemp Oil is also great for projects that will be used outside. Once it cures (after approximately 30 days), it protects and wears beautifully in the elements. Wax will break down and emulsify in the heat. We do not recommend waxing pieces that will be in the heat, sun or rain.

For an extra durable interior top coat, apply a coat of Hemp Oil and let dry (12 – 24 hours), then apply wax on top. Remember wax over oil, never oil over wax!

 

WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MMS ANTIQUING WAX AND OTHER TINTED WAXES ON THE MARKET?

MMS Antiquing Wax was developed specifically to be used to antique paint finishes.  Tinted waxes are meant to be used as a wood stain/wax in one.  Because of that, the dark wax is very saturated with pigments and can look heavy and streaky on a finish if not mixed with clear wax or mineral spirits.  Antiquing Wax only has a small amount of pigment, so it works more like a glaze with the body of a wax.  This product is also low odor and can be applied with a brush or clean cloth.

antiquing wax | 200 g| miss mustard seed -3

DO I HAVE TO PRIME BEFORE USING MILK PAINT?

No.  You can simply mix the bodning agent with all coats of paint for optimum adhesion.  If the “chippy” look is desired, do not use the bonding agent and do not prep the piece.  (Watch the video on Getting the “Chippy” Look on the tutorials page.

 

CAN I PAINT COLONIAL WOOD LIKE TEAK?

Surfaces made of colonial wood, like teak, are the hardest to paint. The natural oils in this wood will most likely bleed through. When the wood looks dry or weathered, the oils will probably have dried out, and you won’t have issues when painting. When the wood looks very saturated, there are still a lot of natural oils present. These oils will migrate to the surface and bleed through. Sometimes the wood has been treated with protective oils, meaning even more oil! You can only prevent from bleeding-through by applying a layer of shellac. When shellac was applied, you will have to add bonding agent to your milk paint mix.

 

WHEN SHOULD I USE TOUGH COAT INSTEAD OF WAX OR HEMP OIL?

We advise our Miss Mustard Seed’s Tough Coat for high-traffic areas. It’s very durable and water-resistant.

Kitchen cabinets are a good example … they endure a lot of wear and tear, water, grease, stains. Wax and hemp oil have great protective qualities, but both will only endure a lot of water or aggressive household products for only a short amount of time. The more you clean or scrub your cabinets, the faster the wax or hemp oil will wear, dry out and will have to be reapplied.

 FUSION MINERAL PAINT

WHAT IS SO GREAT ABOUT FUSION MINERAL PAINT?

Fusion™ has taken us (Homestead House Paint Co.) over 25 years to develop, test and refine, and our hard work has truly paid off.

Fusion™’s results are nothing less than spectacular, providing furniture painters and decorative artists a best-in-class paint that features; an environmentally conscious formulation, zero VOCs, superior durability, easy one-step self-leveling application and significantly improved adhesion and strength. Delivering an exceptional matte finish, this 100% acrylic paint requires minimal prep and no top coat!

 

IS FUSION MINERAL PAINT THE SAME AS A CHALK-LIKE PAINT?

No, it’s not. Fusion™ is a 100% acrylic, water-based paint.

The “mineral” in Fusion™ MINERAL PAINT refers to the pigments used which are harvested from the earth. Using natural rather than synthetic pigments allows for greater depth in colour and better durability to UV light and time. Once cured, a surface painted with Fusion™ is both water and stain proof. No primer or top coat required, making it more of a one-step kind of paint.

Blogger Melanie of Lost & Found gives us an excellent breakdown about the differences between FUSION MINERAL PAINT™ and chalk-like paints here.

 

WHAT IS 100% ACRYLIC PAINT?

Our Fusion™ is made up of 100% Acrylic resin and nothing less! This results in one consistent and cohesive surface across your piece.

So what exactly does that mean? With Fusion™ you will have a perfectly sound surface that is not porous, meaning that you do not have to apply a top coat unless you want a special effect.

Other paints on the market such as latex, or anything less than 100% acrylic are using low quality and highly toxic vinyl and latex as they are inexpensive filers. Our products are made up of only the highest quality materials resulting in a zero VOC highly quality paint. Not only are they low VOC, they are also free from many other chemicals currently in other lines of paints such as ammonia and formaldehyde.

Fusion™ contains none of these.

 

HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO DRY?

Drying and curing are two different things.

Dry time usually refers to the touch or tackiness. Fusion™ should dry to the touch within an hour or two. High heat temperatures and high humidity play a factor making it sometimes slightly longer to dry.

Cure time is approximately 21 days, once again depending on the weather, similar to all waterbased paints on the market. What does this mean? You can still use your piece gently, however the paint will be at it’s strongest to resist any marks the longer it has to cure.

Once the Fusion™ line has cured, the durability is unrivaled. 

Our Fusion™ line is water resistant.

 

WHAT CAN I USE FUSION MINERAL PAINT ON?

The question is what can’t you use Fusion™ Mineral Paint on?

The options are endless, keep in mind the surface prep that may be necessary depending on the condition of your particular project.

CAN I USE FUSION™ MINERAL PAINT OUTSIDE?

Yes you can! Our premium formulation allows for the use outside, on metal doors, on Adirondack Chairs, you name it!

 

Monique of Front Porch Mercantile painted her Adirondack chairs with Fusion™. They stand up to sun shine, rain, and sea spray. From left to right: Prairie Sunset, Fort York Red, Ceramic, Liberty Blue

 

CAN I USE FUSION MINERAL PAINT ON METAL OR GLASS?

Yes you can! Add our Ultra Grip™ first for the best results.

 

CAN I USE FUSION MINERAL PAINT ON MY KITCHEN CABINETS OR BATHROOM VANITY?

Yes absolutely! Fusion™ Mineral Paint is the best paint for your cabinets with it’s built in top coat, it is so easy to paint! 

Melanie of Lost & Found redid her bathroom vanity with Fusion™. Read more about how she did it by clicking on the above link.

 

HOW SHOULD I PREP MY PIECE?

No Prep? No problem—not always true!

A paint will only perform as well as the surface that it’s going on allows. No matter what product you use, if you apply your paint to an unstable surface, the paint will flake, peel, and eventually fail on you.

 Many surfaces have been previously finished with lacquers or high gloss preparations that were chemically constructed to resist anything adhering to it. So, a little prep goes a long way. 

If your surface is glossy, take 5 minutes and lightly sand it down to remove some of that gloss, allow the paint some tooth to really soak in and bind with the surface. Our Ultra Grip™ makes it possible to paint over laminate, Ikea cabinets, you name it! You can now use our Fusion™ line on virtually any surface with excellent results!

 We’re not saying take out your power sander and book half the day off to sand your entire piece down, no, simply take a 220 grit, and give your piece a gentle rub and de-gloss your surface.

 

HOW MUCH PAINT DO I NEED FOR MY PROJECTS?

Fusion™ has an excellent coverage, which allows us to offer Fusion™ in Pints and tester sizes. A Pint covers approximately 75 sq ft (7m²). Most projects only require a Pint, however having to buy a Quart leaves you with wasted paint and money.

We are offering excellent quality and coverage, in sizes you will use, resulting in less environmental waste.

 

CAN YOU REALLY PAINT ANY SURFACE WITH FUSION MINERAL PAINT?

Yes, our Ultra Grip™ allows for Fusion™ to adhere to surfaces that are typically not for painting such as a lacquered surface, metal or glass.

You can now use our Fusion™ line on virtually any surface (Ikea cabinets, laminate, you name it!) with excellent results!

 

CAN I DISTRESS OR GET A LAYERED LOOK?

Yes you can get a distressed or layered look!

Because of Fusion™’s supreme adhesion, distressing can be tough once the paint is cured. If you would like to do some distressing, we recommend doing it soon after the paint dries or by using our wax block resist. 

Press the wax block along the edges where you would like to see the distressed effect between layers of paint. Anything that is applied on top of the waxed areas will resist the paint. You will notice this resist once you are giving your piece a light sanding at the end of your application of all layers of paint. So many times when distressing it is easy to sand right through all the layers- this prevents this from happening!

 The paint underneath the wax will remain in place, and any paint applied on top of the wax will come off effortlessly, allowing for the perfect distressed look.

 

DO I HAVE TO FINISH MY PIECE WITH WAX?

No, you don’t have to finish your piece, because Fusion™ was formulated with a built in top coat.

Once Fusion™ has cured, it yields a highly durable and a washable finish, with no need for a top coat. If you choose, you can of course achieve a beautiful lustre by adding a wax on top. We have a whole array of beautiful decorative and faux finishing products to choose from, to give your piece that little extra.

 

WHEN DO I USE FUSION TOUGH COAT?

Fusion™ Tough Coat™ was developed for those high traffic surfaces such as table tops, seating, and kitchen cabinets.

Tough Coat™ is non-yellowing and provides extra durability against general wear and tear, water damage and food stains.

 

WHATS THE SHELF LIFE OF FUSION MINERAL PAINT?

Our packaging is made out of the highest grade PET, which means that the paint inside will not dry out or go bad. The screw top lids offer a highly secure closure, and do not allow for air pockets to enter. Some of our products come in squeeze bottles for easy application and the products inside the containers stay uncontaminated. The shelf life is up to 7 years when the lid is closed properly, the paint will remain in perfect condition, will not separate or go crusty and hard. This is due to a combination of very high quality ingredients, and excellent packaging perfect for keeping paints and finishes in excellent condition. Our PET containers are hand made in North America, and contain 30% recycled material.

*Fun Fact – Did you know that all containers are hand filled and hand labelled? We employ people not machines!

 

CAN YOU USE FUSION MINERAL PAINT FOR EXTERIOR SURFACES?

Yes! Fusion™ is a high quality 100% Acrylic resin and can withstand the elements on the sun, rain, snow, you name it! 

Please pay close attention to proper prep as your substrate will be very important to the adhesion, durability and longevity of Fusion™.

 

IS IT UV-RESISTANT?

Our pigments are of the highest quality and will outperform our competitors for many years longer in sunlight.

 

CAN I USE FUSION MINERAL PAINT FOR INTERIOR AREAS WITH INCREASED HUMIDITY?

Yes absolutely! Because Fusion™ creates a consistent barrier with the highest quality resins, water and humidity will not have an adverse effect on the paint. Ideal for bathroom vanity makeovers.